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Old Auregan[]

Etymology[]

From Proto-Germanic *wesanan.

Verb[]

wesan (Irregular, see also sīn)

  1. to be, to exist, to become

Conjugation[]

'Conjugation of wesan'
indicative present preterite
1st person singular bîom was
2nd person singular bist wâri
3rd person singular is was
plural sind(on) wâron
subjunctive present past
1st person singular wâri
2nd person singular sîst wârist
3rd person singular wâri
plural sîn wârin
imperative present
singular wes
plural wesað
participle present past
wesendi geweson

Descendants[]

  • Old Oxman wesen, ben, bien, sain, sy'n (from Old Auregan sīn)
    • Modern Oxman wese (all forms, standard infinitive form), dialectal infinitive forms ben, sain (archaic), bie (from the first person ic bie, archaic, essentially found in western dialects) and sy'n or sy (found in northern dialects).
  • Northern Middle Auregan wesen, benne, bi(e)n, sien, sein, sighen (from Old Auregan sīn)
    • Westlondish wêze (common), ben, (central)
    • Oastlondish wieze
  • Middle Auregan wesan, sîn (from Old Auregan sīn)
    • Wexish wézen, zei'n, zîn, zijen, zighen (west)
    • Auregan wesan, sain
      • Galdwey Auregan wesan, sain
      • Southern Auregan wesa, sei

Middle Auregan[]

Etymology[]

From Old Auregan wesan, from Proto-Germanic *wesanan.

Verb[]

wesan (Irregular, see also sîn)

  1. to be, to exist, to become

Conjugation[]

Conjugation of wesan
indicative present preterite
1st person singular bium was
2nd person singular bist wârest
3rd person singular is was
plural sîþ wârun
subjunctive present past
1st person singular wâri
2nd person singular sîst wârist
3rd person singular wâri
plural sîn wârin
imperative present
singular wes
plural wesaþ
participle present past
wesondi ġewesun

Descendants[]

  • Wexish wézen, zei'n, zîn, zijen, zighen (west)
  • Auregan wesan, sain
    • Galdwey Auregan wesan, sain
    • Southern Auregan wesa, sei

Auregan[]

Etymology[]

From Middle Auregan wesan, Old Auregan wesan, from Proto-Germanic *wesanan.

Verb[]

wesan (Irregular, see also sain)

  1. to be, to exist, to become

Conjugation[]

Conjugation of wesan
indicative present preterite
1st person singular bium was
2nd person singular bist wârst
3rd person singular is was
plural sîþ wârun
subjunctive present past
1st person singular sîe wâre
2nd person singular sîest wârest
3rd person singular sîe wâre
plural sîen wâren
imperative present
singular wes
plural wesaþ
participle present past
wesende ġewesen

Dialectal forms[]

  • Galdwey Auregan wesan, sain
  • Southern Auregan wesa, sei

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